The United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland comprises Britain
(England and Wales and Scotland)
and Northern Ireland.
The state has existed in this form since 1922 when the southern part of Ireland became the Irish Free State, later Eire. The abbreviation United
Kingdom and the acronym UK
are standard, although the country is often referred to as Britain or even England after its most populous
constituent. The islands of Britain and Ireland
and a host of smaller ones make up the British Isles.
For more see Michael Quinion.